Art and Design


Subject Overview

At Pine Ridge and Lorraine (PRL), we believe that art is a subject that is influential towards children because it can affect them in ways that many other subjects cannot.  Art will help develop a child’s creativity, thought process, and their way of expression, as well as learning about themselves, their culture, and their community.  Art enables children to use their imagination and creativity as it is subjective, there is no right or wrong.  Participating in art activities helps children to gain the tools necessary for understanding human experience, adapting to and respecting others’ ways of working and thinking, developing creative problem-solving skills, and communicating thoughts and ideas in a variety of ways.  When children feel good while they are creating art, this helps boost self-confidence.  Children who feel able to experiment and make mistakes feel free to invent new ways of thinking, which extends well beyond the art curriculum.

Curriculum Intent

Our intent is for pupils to be exposed to a broad range of arts, craft and design which is delivered through rich, imaginative cross – curricular learning that will inspire children.

  • Children should be able to think critically about art and design, describing the differences and similarities between their artwork and the artwork of others.

  • Children should be knowledgeable about significant artwork, artists, craft makers, designers, and movements and understand the historical and cultural development of their art forms.

  • Children should develop a wide range of art and design techniques using colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and select the best materials and techniques to develop an idea.

Curriculum Implementation

In all year groups, teachers plan Art and Design underpinned by the National Curriculum statements and aims to ensure a broad, balanced and cohesive curriculum.  Teachers use the PRL progression of knowledge and skills to ensure that the teaching of Art and Design is progressive across year groups and builds upon prior learning.  Children have the opportunity to explore a range of artistic materials and techniques, selecting the best materials and techniques to develop an idea.  Children explore malleable materials, paper, fabric, paint, printing, pencil, ink, charcoal, pen as well as natural materials.  They use the properties of different materials to create a range of patterns, textures and lines, and explore shape, form and space.  Children use drawing, painting and sculpture to explore different forms.  They will be inspired by nature, creating natural art, and will also have the opportunity to draw and paint landscapes.  Pupils will develop their technical skills in art by making their own creations and are given time to practise new skills.  Pupils are guided by teachers but have the freedom to be creative, developing their own ideas, and create their own unique works of art.  Children are taught to analyse and evaluate the work of famous artists as well as their own and others' work using artistic vocabulary.  They are able to compare and contrast works of art.  Children explore significant people, artwork and movements and learn how Art and Design is relatable and links with historical events and with science and geography in the wider world.  Exposure to a variety of artists means that children grow to appreciate that we are all different, but all unique, and have all got something to offer to the wider community.  Children at PRL have the opportunity to take part in an after school Art Club to further develop their artistic skills and love of Art and Design.           


Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2


  • Give meaning to the marks they make.

  • Explore colour and colour mixing.

  • Explore different materials, using all their senses to investigate them.  Develop ideas about how to use them and what to make.

  • Explore paint, using fingers and other parts of their bodies as well as brushes and other tools.

  • Express ideas and feelings through mark making, creating models and artistic effects.

  • Create closed shapes with continuous lines and begin to use these shapes to represent objects.

  • Draw with increasing complexity and detail, such as representing a face with a circle and including details.  Use drawing to represent ideas like movement or loud noises.


Year 1




Moving Mechanisms




Mask Making


Healthy & Varied Diet



Year 2 




Design & Make








Making Pizza

Curriculum Impact

During their time at Pine Ridge and Lorraine, children will benefit from a rich, broad and balanced programme of Art and Design.  They will experience and experiment with a wide range of materials as they explore Art and Design to grow and flourish as artists and designers.  They will build a growing awareness of the Art and Design which runs through their own history, culture and other cultures as they are introduced to the world of artists and works of art.  They will learn about sculptors, designers and architects to broaden their horizons and to appreciate great works of art.

By the end of Key Stage 1, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programme of study (Progression of Skills).

This will be achieved by ensuring that students are taught:

  • to use a range of materials creatively to design and make products

  • to use drawing, painting and sculpture to develop and share their ideas, experiences and imagination

  • to develop a wide range of art and design techniques in using the visual elements of colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and tone/value.

  • about the work of a range of artists, craft makers and designers, describing the differences and similarities between different practices and disciplines, and making links to their own work.

What a ‘typical’ lesson looks like:

A typical lesson at PRL will:

  • Provide children with knowledge and information about art and artists

  • Place Art and Design in a wider context, making it relatable for the children by making links to current affairs and popular culture

  • Teach children skills and process with a range of materials

  • Offer chances for children to explore the potential of different materials, making independent discoveries

  • Allow children to use their own ideas and experiences to create work that is valued

  • Allow children time to create with opportunities to problem solve and review and refine their work

  • Allow chances for children to work alone and with others

  • Provide an environment where children feel safe taking risks and are not intimidated by ‘getting it wrong’

  • Empower children to pursue creative endeavours.

Teaching & Learning

Art and Design is taught explicitly once a week for three of the six half terms in Year 1 and 2, but is also blended within other subjects such as English, geography, science, history and RE.  Children are taught how to use lots of different tools using a variety of media such as malleable materials, paper, fabric, paint, printing, pencil, ink, charcoal, pen as well as natural materials.  Each classroom has a selection of art materials which are available for themes covered across the year, as well as access to a well-stocked central supply of resources for use by all children and staff.


At PRL we take pride in having a fully inclusive environment, prioritising all children succeeding and becoming confident life-long learners.  We believe every child can be an artist and should feel safe in making their own decisions about the choices they make in their artistic endeavours.

Links to policies

Art and Design Skills Progression KS1